Telling time on an analog clock is a lot more complex than you may realize—that is until you start trying to teach this skill to your child. Reading a clock requires an understanding of various mathematical concepts and the ability to synthesize these concepts together in a complex process. A conceptual understanding of the passage of time itself is also vital in understanding how to tell time.

Introduction to clock/watch:

A clock is a device used to tell time. Moving hands on the face of a clock point to the current hour, minute, and second. A clock can be big enough to be in a giant tower. A clock can also be small enough to fit on a person’s wrist, which is called a watch.

  • A clock or watch that contains moving hands and hours with markings from 1 to 12 to show the time is called an analog clock. A day has 24 hours.
  • 60 seconds make a minute.
  • 60 minutes make an hour.
  • In an analog clock morning to noon period is indicated using numbers 1 to 12 followed by a.m. (Ante meridiem) and afternoon to night time is indicated using numbers 1 to 12 followed by p.m. (Post meridiem)

Reading analog clock:

15 minutes
210 minutes
315 minutes
420 minutes
525 minutes
630 minutes
735 minutes
840 minutes
945 minutes
1050 minutes
1155 minutes
1260 minutes

Eg: In the above clock the hour hand is at 1 and the minute hand is at 6. That means it is 30 minutes past 1.

Digital clocks:

A digital clock is an alternative to a traditional analogue clock. This type of clock shows numbers to display the time in a digital format. The major difference between digital and analog clocks is that analog clocks use pointed hands to indicate time whereas digital clock doesn’t.

Different ways of teaching:

Teaching through stories:

1. The Time Bomb Mystery

2. Uncle Bad’s Time Bomb