Time is a significant mathematics topic that we use every day. But teaching time to children is a tricky concept. Usually, parents and teachers start teaching time by directly introducing the clock and explaining it. But that’s not the right approach to teaching time. Here is a simple progression that we can follow to introduce time to our early learners:

Step 1: Understand long & short duration (eg: if I travel by car & bike, which will take longer?)

Step 2: Arrange events of the day in sequence (Morning, afternoon, evening and night)

Step 3: Days of the week, “Months of the year, Sequence of seasons
Step 4: Read a calendar and sequence the events in terms of dates/days.

Step 5: Introduction to the 12-hour clock and terms associated with it (hours, minutes, seconds, a.m, p.m)

Step 6: Introduction to 24-hour clock
Step 7: Conversion of 12 hours to 24 hours and vice versa

This article will cover details upto step 4. The rest is part of another article here.

A calendar is a series of pages that shows the days, weeks, and months of a particular year. A calendar is a very important tool in our everyday lives. It allows us to keep track of the days, weeks, months, and years.

Parts of a calendar: –

• Year
• Month
• Days of the week
• Date

A year is divided into 12 months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, and December. Each month is divided into approximately 4 weeks. Each week is divided into 7 days: Sunday, Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday. By reading the calendar, we can know what year, month, day and date it is.

How to read a calendar: Step 1: Check the year Step 2: Check the month Step 3: Check the date Step 4: Check the day

Math fact:

One of the easiest ways to remember days in a month using the knuckles.

Every knuckle that is up has 31 days and every knuckle that is down has 30 days except February.

Different ways to teach reading calendars:

Teaching through stories: