Topic: The Relationship Between Addition And Subtraction
Cirha is having a great time with Uncle Math’s new gadget: Ms Add Subtract. This gadget makes things disappear if the answer is right. Cirha has been enjoying disappearing things.
She wants to try something more fun this time. “How about making Triho’s favourite balls disappear?” she thinks. Immediately, she runs towards Triho’s house.
She grabs his favourite blue balls and says, “Ms Add Subtract! Take away 6 balls from the group of 10, only 4 balls remain. Go!”.
Voila! Cirha’s answer is right. The 6 balls disappear, and only 4 remain. “It worked! It worked!” she says while jumping out of joy. But suddenly, she realizes something.
“Oh no! They were Triho’s favourite balls! He will get angry. What do I do now?” she panics.
Cirha tries Ms Add Subtract in various ways to get the blue balls back. But nothing works. “Krrrr!” the door opens. It looks like Triho is back. What will she do now?
As Triho enters, he notices that Cirha is sad and worried. She narrates the entire story and apologizes to him. “Let us call Uncle Math here. Ms Add Subtract is his gadget. I am sure he must have some solution to this problem”, he says and calls him.
“There were 10 blue balls before. The gadget disappeared 6 out of them. Only 4 balls are left now. Now to get back all the 10 balls, how many more balls do you need Cirha?” asks Uncle Math. She quickly starts counting 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10. “I need 6 more blue balls to make 10”, she says. “Amazing! Yes, adding 6 more balls to 4 will give us 10 balls”, replies Uncle Math.
Cirha rolls Ms Add Subtract and says, “Ms Add Subtract! Add 6 more balls to 4 to get back all the 10 balls. Go!” Do you think all the balls will come back?
Hurrah! All the balls reappear! Cirha and Triho jump out of joy.
“To make the balls disappear, you took some away. That means you used subtraction. To get the balls back, you added some more balls. That means you used addition. What does that mean Triho?” asks Uncle Math.
“Oh! That means addition and subtraction are the opposite Uncle Math, am I right?” says Triho. “Perfect! That means we can undo an addition through subtraction, and we can undo a subtraction through the addition”, explains Uncle Math.
“Alright! I will leave now, children”, says Uncle Math and leaves. Cirha and Triho thank him for the help. They are elated as they got their blue balls back and also learnt the trick to make things reappear. “Hey! Let us try the gadget on some cupcakes now”, suggests Triho. Cirha Immediately agrees.
“Ms Add Subtract! Take away 3 cupcakes from the pack of 8, only 5 remain. Go!” says Cirha. The cupcakes disappear.
“Ms Add Subtract! Add 3 more cupcakes to 5 to get 8 cupcakes. Go!” says Triho. The cupcakes reappear. “Hurrah! This is so much fun”, she says.
They laugh and have some more fun with Ms Add Subtract. Cirha promises to not try anything without understanding the consequences of her actions.
We Learnt That…
- ‘Addition and subtraction are opposites.
- We can undo an addition through subtraction, and we can undo a subtraction through addition.
- It is important to think twice before taking any action. Every action has a related consequence to it.
- What objects did Cirha use Ms Add Subtract on?
- What mathematical operation did Ms Add Subtract use to disappear and reappear things?
- What is the relation between subtraction and addition? Explain with an example.
- Cirha realized her mistake and apologized. Have you done something similar? Explain.