Introduction To Multiplication

Multiplication is a fundamental operation in mathematics that involves combining groups of equal values. It is essential for building a strong foundation in arithmetic and laying the groundwork for more advanced mathematical concepts.

This teaching guide aims to provide an effective framework for introducing multiplication to kids.

Multiplication can be simply referred to as repeated addition. Multiplication is denoted by the cross (x) or asterisk symbol. Numbers to be multiplied are called factors. The first number (factor) to be multiplied is called the multiplicand, and the second number (factor) is called the multiplier. The result of the multiplication is called the product.

Multiplication is used to easily and quickly perform repeated additions.  Multiplication forms the basic foundation for more advanced calculations in math such as algebra, calculus, etc.

## Equal Groups of Objects

• Equal groups of objects mean groups with the same number of objects. Visual aids, such as objects or drawings, can be used to demonstrate the concept of equal groups.
• For example, if there are 2 plates with 3 apples each, then it can be said that there are 2 equal groups of 3 apples each. The multiplication equation for the same can be written as 2 x 3 = 6

Multiplication is a quicker way of adding equal groups or sets. Multiplication can be seen as a shortcut for repeated addition.

Example : 2 x 3 = 2 + 2 + 2 = 6.

## Multiplication facts and tables

Multiplication facts, such as the multiplication tables, are introduced to kids to reinforce the skill of multiplication. Tables for 2, 5, and 10 are relatively easier to learn, so kids are taught these tables first, then the other numbers.

Interactive methods, such as songs, chants, or games, can be used to make memorization engaging.

## Table of 2

There are 2 methods of finding multiples of 2:

Multiplying 2 with other numbers like 1, 2, 3, 4, etc., or by adding 2 repeatedly to itself.

For example : 2 x 5 = 10. Similarly, when we add 2 five times, we get 10.

## Single-digit multiplication

• Multiplication tables are used for the multiplication of single-digit numbers.
• When any 2  single digits are multiplied, the product (result) is obtained by simply reading the table of the concerned number.
• For example, 2 x 7
• Here the multiplication table of 2 is read 2 by 7 times, which gives the answer as 14.
• Here, 14 is the product obtained by multiplying 2 by 7.
• 2 and 7 are also said to be factors of 14.

## Multiplication by Column Method

Multiplication can be performed with ease by using the column method.

The column method of multiplication is useful for multiplying factors of ‘n’ numbers of digits.

For example : The multiplication of a 2-digit number by a 1-digit number can be done by following steps:

1. Arrange the given numbers in the column according to their place value.
2. Always write a bigger 2-digit number on the top.
3. Write the given 1-digit number at the bottom.
4. Now, multiply the 1-digit number at the bottom with each digit on the top.
5. Always begin multiplying from the extreme right (ones).

For example : 34 x 2

• Multiplication of 2-digit numbers by 1-digit numbers also requires regrouping sometimes.

For example : 25 x 3

Introducing multiplication to students involves developing a conceptual understanding of the operation and providing ample opportunities for practise and application. This teaching guide provides a structured framework to help students grasp the fundamentals of multiplication. The complexity of questions can be set according to the specific needs and abilities of kids.

Posters

Teaching multiplication with kid-friendly, clear, and easy-to-understand posters from Uncle Math School by Fun2Do Labs :

Story

Ignite kids’ curiosity with engaging stories for role play and skits, making the learning of this concept an exciting and effective experience. Teaching multiplication through stories from Uncle Math School by Fun2do Labs :

Text of Stories

Activities

Teaching multiplication through activities : Learning multiplication can be made enjoyable by incorporating interactive games and activities.

### Flip cupcake cases :

This is an interesting activity for kids to practise multiplication by the play way method.

1. Different cupcake cases are taken, and the multiplication sentences are written on the bottom of the cupcake case, and the product of the same is written inside the case.
2. All cupcake cases are placed bottom side up to show the multiplication questions.
3. Kids can be called on to choose a cupcake case and answer the question loudly, then check their answer by flipping it.
4. The correct answer is rewarded with a cupcake case. The winner is the one with the maximum number of cases.

Worksheets

Help your kids practise multiplication with interesting and engaging fun worksheets and solutions from Uncle Math by Fun2do Labs.

Worksheet 505 : Introduction To Multiplication
Solution 505 : Introduction To Multiplication
Worksheet 507 : Equal Groups
Solution 507 : Equal Groups
Worksheet 508 : Picture Multiplication
Solution 508 : Picture Multiplication
Worksheet 509 : Forming Equal Groups
Solution 509 : Forming Equal Groups
Worksheet 510 : Single Digit Multiplication
Solution 510 : Single Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 512 : Multiplication Tables
Solution 512 : Multiplication Tables
Worksheet 513 : Tables Quiz (2 To 5)
Solution 513 : Tables Quiz (2 To 5)
Worksheet 514 : Tables Quiz (2 To 10)
Solution 514 : Tables Quiz (2 To 10)
Worksheet 515 : Tables Quiz (11 To 15)
Solution 515 : Tables Quiz (11 To 15)
Worksheet 516 : Tables Quiz (2 To 15)
Solution 0516 : Tables Quiz (2 To 15)
Worksheet 0517 : Tables Quiz (2 To 20)
Solution 517 : Tables Quiz (2 To 20)
Worksheet 518 : Multiplication Table Of 4
Solution 518 : Multiplication Table Of 4
Worksheet 519 : Multiplication Table Of 9
Solution 519 : Multiplication Table Of 9
Worksheet 520 : Multiplication Table Of 13
Solution 520 : Multiplication Table Of 13
Worksheet 521 : Multiplication Table Of 17
Solution 521 : Multiplication Table Of 17
Worksheet 522 : Single Digit Multiplication
Solution 522 : Single Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 523 : 2 Digit Multiplication
Solution 523 : 2 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 524 : 2 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Solution 524 : 2 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 525 : 3 Digit By 1 Digit Multiplication
Solution 525 : 3 Digit By 1 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 526 : 3 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Solution 526 : 3 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 527 : 4 Digit By 1 Digit Multiplication
Solution 527 : 4 Digit By 1 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 528 : 4 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Solution 528 : 4 Digit By 2 Digit Multiplication
Worksheet 532 : Multiply By 4
Solution 532 : Multiply By 4
Worksheet 533 : Multiply By 7
Solution 533 : Multiply By 7
Worksheet 534 : Multiply By 12
Solution 534 : Multiply By 12
Worksheet 535 : Multiplication
Solution 535 : Multiplication
Worksheet 536 : Tables Challenge (2 - 5)
Solution 536 : Tables Challenge (2 - 5)
Worksheet 537 : Tables Challenge (2 - 10)
Solution 537 : Tables Challenge (2 - 10)
Worksheet 538 : Tables Challenge (11 - 15)
Solution 538 : Tables Challenge (11 - 15)
Worksheet 539 : Tables Challenge (2 - 20)
Solution 539 : Tables Challenge (2 - 20)
Worksheet 540 : Multiply And Colour
Solution 540 : Multiply And Colour
Worksheet 541 : Multiplication Birthday Party
Solution 541 : Multiplication Birthday Party
Worksheet 542 : 2 Times Table
Solution 542 : 2 Times Table
Worksheet 543 : Multiply The Numbers
Solution 543 : Multiply The Numbers
Worksheet 544 : Multiply The Numbers
Solution 544 : Multiply The Numbers
Worksheet 545 : 3 Times Table
Solution 545 : 3 Times Table
Worksheet 552 : Multiplying By 10's
Solution 552 : Multiplying By 10's
Worksheet 553 : Multiplying By 100's
Solution 553 : Multiplying By 100's
Worksheet 554 : Practice Multiplication
Solution 554 : Practice Multiplication
Worksheet 557 : Word Problems (Two Digits)
Solution 557 : Word Problems (Two Digits)