Introduction To Division

Divide means to split a large group of items into smaller groups, each having an equal number of items. Division is the exact opposite of multiplication. Division can be simply referred to as repeated subtraction.

## Division as Equal Sharing :

Division can be introduced as the concept of equal sharing for kids. Equal sharing can easily be demonstrated by using manipulatives, such as distributing 12 cupcakes equally among 3 kids.

## Division as a Repeated Subtraction :

Division can also be introduced as the concept of repeated subtraction using concrete examples. Repeated subtraction is a method of subtracting an equal number of items from a larger group until 0 is obtained.

Division is denoted by the two symbols  ” ÷ ” and “/”. Kids learn the important concept of sharing by learning division. Division also reinforces the concepts of subtraction and further complex calculations in math.

## Divisor, Dividend, Quotient, Remainder

Important terms used in division are :

Dividend : Dividend is the number to be divided in the process of division.

Divisor : The divisor is the number by which a dividend is divided.

Quotient :  Quotient is the result or the answer obtained by the process of division.

Remainder :  The left out number or remaining number after the complete division is called the remainder.

The division formula can be expressed as :

Dividend = Divisor x Quotient + Remainder

The pace and complexity level of the questions are adjusted as per the level and age of the child.

Posters

Teaching division with kid-friendly, clear, and easy-to-understand posters :

Story

Ignite kids’ curiosity with engaging stories for role play and skits, making the learning of this concept an exciting and effective experience. Teaching division through stories from Uncle Math School by Fun2do Labs :

Text of Stories

Activities

Learning to divide can be made enjoyable by incorporating interactive games and activities.

### Share the Cherries :

Early learners love this activity; it helps to reinforce the concept of division as sharing in a better way. This activity requires the following items : dice, paper, pen, pom-poms.

1. Draw two ice cream cones and one basket on the sheet of paper and give a die to a kid.
2. Instruct the kid to roll a die and check the number.
3. Pick pom-poms as per the number on the dice.
4. Divide pom-poms equally between two ice cream cones and put them as cherries on the cone.

Worksheets

Help your kids practise division with interesting and engaging fun worksheets and solutions from Uncle Math by Fun2do Labs.